The Equal Rights Amendment
Drafted 12/20/2016


Whereas all women, and men of color, were historically excluded as equals from the Constitution of the United States, subordinating these groups structurally and systemically; and

Whereas prior constitutional amendments have allowed extreme inequalities of race and/or sex and/or like grounds of subordination to continue without effective legal remedy, and have even been used to entrench such inequalities, including through institutions such as the Electoral College and other institutions that fail the equality principle of one person one vote; and

Whereas this country aspires to be a democracy of by and for all its people, and to treat all people of the world in accordance with human rights principles

Therefore be it enacted that--



Women in all their diversity shall have equal rights in the United States and every place subject to its jurisdiction.

Equality of rights shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex (including pregnancy, gender, sexual orientation, or gender identity), and/or race (including ethnicity, national origin, or color), and/or like grounds of subordination (such as disability or faith). Neither the United States nor any State shall give force by law to disadvantages suffered by those whose equality rights are denied or abridged.

To fully realize the rights guaranteed under this Article, Congress and the several States shall take legislative and other measures to prevent or redress any disadvantage suffered by individuals or groups because of past and/or present discrimination, and shall take all steps necessary and proper to abolish institutions that infringe the right to vote and to have that vote count equally.

Nothing in Subsection II shall invalidate a law, program, or activity that is protected or required under Subsections I or III.